Many people unsure if retirement nest egg is big enough
Nov 1, 2015
Most people know that they need to plan for retirement but are unsure if their nest egg is sufficient. Given a second chance, they would have started planning and saving when younger.
This stark reality was uncovered by two polls conducted by The Sunday Times Invest with DBS Bank on the last two Sundays and Mondays.
Slightly more than half or 52 per cent of the 762 respondents in the first poll said they have started planning for their golden years but that it may not be enough.
Of those, 8 per cent said they had left it too late and will start now, while 4.2 per cent said they cannot make ends meet.
On the bright side, however, 35 per cent or about 270 are confident of retiring well.
[There is no info on how the poll was conducted, and how respondents were selected. As such, this may not be a representative poll and survey results may not be generalisable. Just think of this as a straw poll which may give one an idea of what people may be thinking or doing.]
Most of the respondents opt for a myriad of asset classes for their investments, including unit trusts, stocks, insurance and property. About 26 per cent invest in unit trusts and stocks while about 20 per cent have purchased insurance.
Only one in 10 uses the Supplementary Retirement Scheme (SRS) to enjoy tax savings and grow their retirement funds, which shows that there is room for greater penetration.
The SRS is a national voluntary scheme set up in 2001 to incentivise individuals to save consistently for retirement while also enjoying tax benefits.
In the survey, 38 per cent of respondents say that an average return of 1 per cent to 4 per cent a year is typically achieved, while about 30 per cent are able to garner a higher average return of 4 per cent to 8 per cent a year. About 3 per cent managed to get more than 12 per cent a year.
[The returns on their investment is based on self-reporting. They may be overly optimistic/ pessimistic, or may have selective memories.]
The top concern facing retail investors is not having enough sources of passive income, followed by outliving one's savings, and inflation. About 6 per cent worry about having to rely on family and friends when they retire.
[What would be a "passive" income? Rent is pretty good to have. If you have a 4 room HDB flat you can rent out, that's about $2000 a month. If you can afford a private condo, retirement may not be an issue.]
In the second poll of 416 respondents, about 30 per cent said they are happy with their planning while four in 10 wished they had started planning and saving when they were younger.
About 20 per cent wished someone had shown them the way, and about one in 10 said they should have spent less and saved more.
This finding presents opportunities for financial advisers to reach out to these people and provide the necessary advice. Individuals are also encouraged to step up their cash management skills and financial literacy so as to make informed investment decisions.
Underlining the need to plan for retirement instead of leaving it to chance, an overwhelming 83 per cent of retired respondents said they consciously planned and saved for their golden years.
For this group of people, just under half said they should have enough savings to last their retirement, while about 21 per cent say they need to continue working past 62. About 12.5 per cent say they do not have enough savings and 17.3 per cent say they are unsure.
About 46 per cent rely on a combination of investment dividends and annuity plans, retirement savings, Central Provident Fund savings and family, to fund their golden years.
Get tax relief while building your nest egg
Nov 1, 2015
Grow your money by getting a Supplementary Retirement Scheme account, saving consistently and investing funds
The year is drawing to a close so there is just under two months to pump some cash into the Supplementary Retirement Scheme (SRS) to make your money work harder and for you to be eligible for some tax relief.
The SRS is a national voluntary scheme set up in 2001 to complement the Central Provident Fund by giving individuals an incentive to save consistently for retirement, while also enjoying tax benefits.
The take-up for the scheme has been gradual since it was created. As at last December, there were 105,483 SRS member accounts, up from 11,890 in December 2001.
So there is still plenty of room for the SRS to expand its reach among the working population, with about 600,000 people earning an assessable income of $50,000 a year or more.
In drawing up one's retirement plan, the SRS should be used as one of the planning tools to
supplement other investment options. ''
MS CHUNG SHAW BEE,UOB head of wealth managementfor Singapore and the region, on the
Supplementary Retirement Scheme
Lau Wai Pheng, a consultant at financial advisory firm Providend, says that the scheme is more suitable for higher-income earners with cash that can be set aside until retirement.
The scheme appears to be most popular among those aged between 36 and 55, a group likely to be at the peak of their earning power.
Ministry of Finance data shows that as of last December, 31 per cent of all SRS account holders were between 36 and 45 years old, while 34 per cent were aged between 46 and 55.
Banks have been offering incentives such as cash, vouchers and movie tickets to encourage people to set up SRS accounts and start investing before the end of December.
At DBS Bank, for example, the first 1,000 customers to open and top up their SRS accounts with $12,750 will get a $50 cash bonus while the first 2,000 to top up $8,000 get $25.
At OCBC, the first 1,500 individuals who start a new SRS account with $8,000 get a $30 retail voucher. There are $20 vouchers for every $10,000 of SRS savings invested in selected single premium insurance plans and a reduced sales charge of 2 per cent for certain unit trusts.
HOW SRS WORKS
You need to know how the scheme works before deciding if it is right for you.
The three SRS operators are DBS, OCBC and United Overseas Bank (UOB). SRS participants can contribute varying amounts subject to an annual cap, at their own discretion.
The maximum amount you can contribute is $12,750 for Singaporeans and permanent residents (PRs) and $29,750 for foreigners.
Come next year, the annual SRS contribution caps will be raised to $15,300 for Singaporeans and PRs and $35,700 for foreigners.
Ms Lui Su Kian, Singapore head of deposits and secured lending at DBS Bank, says the higher contribution cap will allow customers to enjoy greater tax savings as it will reduce their taxable income.
Hopefully, this will provide an impetus for people to squirrel away more money via the SRS for retirement.
Contributions to the SRS are eligible for tax relief. Each dollar of SRS contribution will reduce your income chargeable to tax by a dollar.
For example, if your annual assessable income is $100,000 and you contribute $10,000 to your SRS account, only $90,000 of your income will be subject to tax that year.
Based on information provided by your SRS operator, you will be granted tax relief automatically.
Contributing to the SRS regularly instils a savings discipline, so retail investors are encouraged to think long-term when investing.
Ms Chung Shaw Bee, UOB's head of wealth management for Singapore and the region, says the SRS encourages investment discipline as all returns on investments have to be deposited back into the account, either for savings or re-investment.
"We encourage our customers to start planning early for their retirement so as to benefit from the compounding effect of time," she adds.
"Having a long time horizon can help to smooth out the impact of volatility on investment holdings. In drawing up one's retirement plan, the SRS should be used as one of the planning tools to supplement other investment options."
Anyone can make SRS contributions at any age, unless they have started withdrawing from their SRS accounts either at or after the age of 62, or on medical grounds.
About 34 per cent of total SRS funds - around $1.66 billion - is being left idle as cash, which earns a negligible return. As at last December, total SRS savings amounted to nearly $5 billion.
As the three SRS operators offer a paltry 0.05 per cent interest per year for SRS funds, retail investors are encouraged to invest so as to make their savings work harder while they enjoy tax savings.
Let us assume you are 40 and contributing $12,750 a year to your SRS account. If you invest your SRS money and achieve a rate of return of 4 per cent a year, you would have saved $480,000 when you reach 62.
From the start of next year, the annual SRS contribution cap will be raised to $15,300 for Singapore citizens. So, assuming you are 40 years old and this time contributing $15,300 a year to an SRS account, if you invest your SRS money and achieve a rate of return of 4 per cent a year, you would have saved $545,000 by age 62.
[All these illustrations always use 4% as the projected returns on investment. Is this realistic and sustainable in the current climate? Yes, 0.05% is paltry and as good as no interest. but is 4% realistic? What kind of risks would warrant a 4% interest rate? The Singapore Savings Bond which is pretty low risk - so I hear - is paying less than 4%, but with bonus, over 10 years, it would be closer to 4%.]
You are free to invest in various financial assets, including shares, bonds, unit trusts, fixed deposits and insurance.
The latest SRS figures show there is an encouraging trend of SRS members investing their savings in shares, real estate investment trusts and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). About 26 per cent of SRS funds were invested in such instruments as at last December, well up from the 9 per cent in 2005 and the 1 per cent in 2001.
Finance experts say that instead of timing the market, people can use their SRS funds to buy stocks monthly through regular saving plans.
The POSB Invest-Saver, for example, allows you to invest affordably in either Singapore bonds or blue-chip stocks via two ETFs listed on the Singapore Exchange, from just $100 a month.
Another is OCBC Bank's Blue Chip Investment Plan, where an individual can use SRS funds to buy selected share counters each month.
"This reduces both the risk of market timing and your average price per share over time," notes Mr Ling Seng Chuan, OCBC head of deposits.
"You will also enjoy the flexibility to make changes as there is no lock-in period. Investors can give instructions to amend share counters or the investment amount, and sell your shares through OCBC online banking."
Similarly, Phillip Capital's Share Builders Plan is a regular fixed- dollar amount investment plan that enables you to buy shares on a consistent and incremental basis so as to build up a portfolio.
There is also the possibility of losing money from investing your SRS funds, especially if you are not financially savvy, so it is prudent to invest wisely or seek financial advice.
Investment gains will accumulate tax-free in the SRS before withdrawal and only 50 per cent of the withdrawals are taxable at retirement, which is the statutory retirement age at the time of your first contribution - now 62.
You may spread your withdrawals over a period of up to 10 years to meet your financial needs when you withdraw your SRS savings at or after 62. The 10-year period starts from the date of your first such withdrawal.
With lower or nominal income at retirement, you may end up paying little or no income tax.
So if you have no other sources of income, you can withdraw up to $40,000 tax-free from your SRS account in a year, or $400,000 over 10 years. This is because only half of the $40,000 a year that you withdraw is taxable and the first $20,000 of income is not taxed in Singapore.
But note that the 10-year period does not apply to investments in life annuities. After 62, an SRS member is taxed on half of the annuity payouts each year as long as the annuity payouts are received.
Before July this year, all SRS withdrawals had to be made in cash. This meant that the investments had to be liquidated before the sales proceeds could have been withdrawn in cash.
The good news is that from July, the rules have changed to allow SRS members the option of withdrawing an SRS investment by transferring the investment out of their SRS account (for example, into their personal Central Depository account in the case of shares), without liquidating their SRS investments.
Certain conditions apply, such as making withdrawals on or after the SRS member turns 62 or on medical grounds. All other withdrawals from an SRS account, including premature withdrawals, must still be made in cash.
If you are strapped and need to withdraw funds before you turn 62, you can do so at any time, but 100 per cent of the sum withdrawn will be subject to tax. To avoid this, it is prudent to park funds that you can really set aside for the long term in your SRS account.
In addition, there will be a 5 per cent premature withdrawal penalty on the sum withdrawn. This is waived on exceptional grounds such as death, medical reasons and bankruptcy.
FINANCIAL EXPERTS SAY
Most individuals tend to wait until the end of the year before contributing to save on income tax.
Ms Lui advises that the earlier you set aside funds in your SRS account, the sooner you can channel them towards investment and insurance products that can help you generate non-taxable returns.
"Our customers have been taking a proactive approach on the funds in their SRS portfolio. Close to 70 per cent of the contributions are invested in unit trusts, shares, bonds and insurance products," she adds.
DBS says that the number of its SRS account holders has grown by nearly 20 per cent year-on-year. Close to half of the SRS accounts are with DBS.
Mr Ling recommends that customers make regular monthly contributions to their accounts. He said: "With the monthly contribution, customers can then include the more manageable amount into their monthly budget. Separating the contribution amount into smaller amounts will not be as financially straining."
Ms Lau says the SRS allows yearly contributions and hence the opportunity to invest regularly, be it monthly or quarterly. "This dollar-cost averaging lessens the risk of investing a large amount in a single investment at the wrong time."
[July 2017 Addendum:
The official retirement age is 62. Your CPF Life kicks in at 65. If you are retired at 62, and your CPF Life only starts paying you an allowance when you are 65, what will you live on for the three years between 62 and 65? Save in the SRS. It can fund this gap of 3 years.
Currently, the tax for the first $80,000 of chargeable income (after deduction) is $3,350, or over 4%. If your chargeable income is over $80k, you should use the SRS to try to reduce your chargeable income to below $80k, because income over $80k are taxed at 11.5% So if you put $10k into SRS, you save $1,150 in taxes.
If you later draw this money out before you are 62, you will be penalised 5% for early withdrawal, and what you withdraw will be further subject to income tax. If you draw less than $20k, no further tax. If you withdraw up to $40k, you will be subject to up to $550 in taxes. Plus $2000 (5% penalty). $2550 is about 6% of $40k. When you deposited that $40k, you saved over $4k in taxes. So still worth it. The SRS can provide emergency funds, with a penalty. But used wisely, it can be worth it.]